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La dorinta de a petrece timpul liber cat mai aproape de natura s-a adaugat in timp nevoia de mobilitate si viteza crescute, pe care rulota nu le putea oferi. Rezultatul firesc a fost “contopirea” rulotei cu autovehiculul tragator.
In time, the desire to have a higher level of mobility and speed added to the desire of spending time as close to nature as possible, so naturally, the caravan was combined wit its towing vehicle.
Autorulota este un autovehicul recreational construit pe un sasiu de autoutilitara, de la care s-a utilizat cabina, sasiul si toata infrastructura de rulare si careia i s-a adaugat o suprastructura similara celei folosite la rulote. Una dintre primele autorulote, construite in 1929, arata asa:
The motorhome is a recreational vehicle (RV) built on a light commercial vehicle. A structure close in shape to the caravan was added to the automotive part of the initial vehicle. One of the first motorhomes, built in 1929, looked like this:
Si in acest domeniu evolutia a tinut pasul cu progresul tehnologic, astfel ca prin anii ‘50 - ‘60 s-a ajuns la forme mai familiare cu cele din zilele noastre.Autorulota fabricata in 1969 pe un sasiu Ford:
Of course, the evolution kept up with the technological progress and so, in the 1950s-1960s, we can see shapes that are more similar to the motorhomes we see today, like this 1969 motorhome built on a Ford chassis:
Today, we have three large motorhome categories, as you can see below:
Autorulota cu alcov (capucina) este modelul de autorulota cel mai frecvent intalnit, care are o suprastructura deasupra cabinei de conducere, in care se afla de obicei un pat pentru 2 persoane. Arata asa:
The motorhome with an over-cabin structure is the most common one. Usually, in that extra structure, we can find a two-person bed. They look like this:
The half-integrated motorhome is similar to the over-cabin structure motorhome, except that this over-cabin structure is a lot smaller, allowing a comfortable passing from the driving area into the recreational area. They look like this:
The integrated motorhome represents the superior sector from the motorhomes class, due to its self-supported structure which is built on a light commercial vehicle chassis, but this one keeping only the initial chassis and no longer the cabin. An integrated motorhome looks like this:
Just like caravans, the width and height are relatively standard, but there are major differences when it comes to length. Regardless of the category, there are motorhomes that have lengths ranging between 5,50 m and 8,00 m. The motorhomes also have a Maximum Allowed Mass of 3500 kg so that drivers owning a B category lincese could drive them with no problems.
In interior exista aceleasi dotari existente si la rulote, la care se adauga echipamente specifice autorulotelor, cum ar fi blocurile electrice de alimentare, rezervoarele pentru apa uzata, antenele automate sau semiautomate pentru receptia programelor TV transmise prin satelit.
Inside we find the same amenities as caravans have, but we also find motorhome specific equipments, such as power supply electric blocks, used water tanks, automatic/semi-automatic satellite dishes.